Since 1845, indentured labour from India began arriving in Trinidad on a five-year contract
as labour for the sugar plantations which was the heart of the economy. For Indo Trinidadians they were to be supply with food and clothing for the first year. For every male over 18 years of age per month, was 45 lbs of rice, 1/4 gallon ghee or coconut oil,9lbs of dhal, 6lbs saltfish,2lbs onion,11/2 lbs salt and chillies.
Women and children received half the rations of men.
The tasks were for cutting and weeding the cane, money rang from ten cents to twenty five cents from 1865 to 1928. Mandatory regulation was often ignored and some unscrupulous planters often deducted the rations cost from them.
Presbyterian missionaries established school for the children of immigrants in the period 1870-1920, those who lived in the barracks was looked down upon as bong(bound)coolie children.<a